Institutional Innovation for Nature-Based Coastal Adaptation: Lessons from Salt Marsh Restoration in Nova Scotia, Canada
H. M. Tuihedur Rahman et al., 2019. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6735; doi:10.3390/su11236735. “Abstract: Sea-levels have been rising at a faster rate than expected. Because of the maladaptive outcomes of engineering-based hard coastal protection infrastructure, policy makers are looking for alternative adaptation approaches to buffer against coastal flooding—commonly known as nature-based coastal adaptation (NbCA)…. This study, therefore, helps us to understand how to implement a relatively new adaptation option by building trust-based networks among diverse and relevant institutional actors.”  The paper describes existing and historical administrative structures and proposes new structures to facilitate NbCA approaches to adapting to sea-level rise.

Coastal jurisdictions of Nova Scotia (Note: the solid double-headed arrows indicate direct control on decision making and dotted double-headed arrows indicate no direct control on decision making). (The Journal is Open Access and “No special permission is required to reuse all or part of article published by MDPI, including figures and tables”)

Danika van Proosdij et al., 2018. Report to Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture

Breaching tradition: Salt marshes replacing Nova Scotia’s dikes
Moira Donovan for CBC Posted: Feb 09, 2020 “…A hundred kilometres away, on a different part of the Bay of Fundy, the conversation about holding the line is taking a different turn. Since 1870, Advocate Harbour has been protected by a dike originally built by Acadian settlers. But that dike, and the natural sea wall located just beyond it, are under increasing threat due to climate change.”